Scars Diagnosis

Scars

Diagnosis and Treatment

Scars Diagnosis e1314369357627 Scars DiagnosisThe visible marks left in the skin from sores, wounds, and surgeries usually don’t require a diagnosis, instead they require treatment.

Most scars will naturally heal and no other treatment is required.  As time goes on scars have a tendency to shrink, sometimes leaving them nearly invisible.  Early prevention is important in minimizing scarring.  The most productive prevention is wound care.  Keeping the wound clean and covered helps promote healing and can produce less scarring.  Excessive exposure to sunlight on a wound can cause a larger discolored scar.  However, there are scars that require additional treatment, as well as, those individuals who for self conscious reasons need or want their scars treated.

While scars are permanent and can’t be removed, their appearance can be altered by treatments.  Most treatments are performed by a medical professional such as a dermatologist or plastic surgeon.  There is a wide range of scar treatments available.

Over-the-Counter Treatments

Topical creams that aid in stopping infections can promote healing and reduce scarring.  These creams can also keep the skin moisturized, which can be healthy for reducing a scar.

Corticosteroid creams and gels are anti-inflammatory creams that help reduce a scar’s redness and thickness.  They also provide some itch relief.

Silicone gel sheets are worn over the scar.  These sheets reduce itching, scar thickness and color.  These sheets are usually required to be worn 12 hours a day, every day and can take nearly 12 weeks for a result.

Dermabrasion

Dermabrasion is a procedure that involves the use of a wire brush to remove the first few layers of skin so the healing process can begin again creating a smooth surface.  This procedure is mostly used for pit-like scars.

Cyrosurgery

Cyrosurgery is when the skin or tissue is frozen with a nitrous oxide filled probe.  This treatment is good for keloid and hypertrophic scars.

Surgery

Is usually recommended for large or long scars.  Scar revision is a procedure that alters the size and color of a scar.  Skin grafts and z-plasty are both surgical procedures considered as scar revision. Scar revision is usually necessary in burn victims and serious large wounds.  Surgery is also used to treat keloids, in these cases, steroid injections may also be needed to prevent another keloid.

Steroid Injection

Steroid injection is used to reduce redness and thickness of scars.  It is a single treatment used particularly for hypertrophic scars and keloids.  Steroid injection helps relieve itch and flattens scars.

Alternative Treatment

An alternative treatment, massage, has been noted as reducing the size and color of a scar.  Massaging the scar can increase blood flow and produce collagen, which can reduce scarring.  Applying oils, like aloe vera, cocoa butter, or vitamin E during or after a massage can promote healing and reduce the appearance of scars. 

Some treatments mentioned may require being sedated or involve the use of local or general anesthesia.  As with any other treatments, it is important to speak with a medical professional before starting any scar treatments.   Scar treatment results can vary for each individual.